datalab
Key figures on climate
France, Europe and Worldwide
2023 EDITION
lang

GHG emissions from industry

GHG emissions in manufacturing and construction in France

Note: 2022 data are a preliminary estimate.
Source: Secten format - Citepa, 2023

By 2022, emissions from the manufacturing and construction industries fell by 6.4%. Emissions from chemicals, non-metallic minerals and construction materials, ferrous metals and food processing account for 81.6% of the sector's emissions.

With the exception of construction (+2.4% in 2022), all sub-sectors saw their emissions fall, notably as a result of reduced consumption of natural gas and coal, and lower production in certain sectors.

Over the period 1990-2022, the sector's emissions fell sharply, from 139 to 73 Mt CO2 eq. This sharp drop concerns most sub-sectors, with the exception of construction (+9.2%) and agrifood (-1. 8%).

GHG emissions intensity in manufacturing and construction in France

Note: emissions are related to value added in manufacturing and construction. The 2022 emissions data are a preliminary estimate.
Sources: SDES, based on Insee, 2023; Secten format - Citepa, 2023

In the EU and France, GHG emissions from the manufacturing and construction industries come mainly from sectors producing CO2 intensive commodities such as metallurgy, chemicals and the manufacture of non-metallic minerals (cement, lime, glass, etc.).

While the economic crises of 2008-2009 and 2020 have played a role, particularly in the metallurgy sector, most of the emissions reductions are due to process improvements and energy efficiency gains. In the chemicals sector, for example, emissions have fallen by 62% in France between 1990 and 2022, thanks in particular to a drastic reduction in N2O emissions (-98.2%) linked to the production of adipic and nitric acids.

Between 1990 and 2022, the GHG emissions intensity of the manufacturing and construction industries was reduced by 44.7%.