datalab
Key figures on climate
France, Europe and Worldwide
2023 EDITION
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GHG emissions from the residential and services sectors

GHG emissions from the residential and services sectors in France

Note: the climatic severity index is the ratio between an observed climate indicator and a reference climate indicator. The higher the index, the colder the winter. The 2022 emissions data are a preliminary estimate.
Sources: Secten format - Citepa, 2023; SDES, based on Météo-France

Emissions from the residential and services sectors are highly dependent on climatic conditions. In 2022, under the combined effect of a mild winter, higher energy prices and energy-saving policies, emissions from this sector fell by 14.7%, reaching a record low since 1990.

The residential sector accounts for around two-thirds of the sector's emissions, and the services sector one-third. Heating, domestic hot water production and cooking accounted for 83.3% of emissions in 2022.

GHG emission intensity of the residential and services sectors in France

Note: services sector emissions are based on the added value of the services sector (excluding transport), while residential emissions are based on the number ofm2 inhabited. The 2022 emissions data are a preliminary estimate.
Sources: SDES, Housing Account Report 2022; Insee; Secten format - Citepa, 2023

Between 1990 and 2022, value added in the services sector rose by 71.2%, while emissions fell by 23.9%. Similarly, between 1990 and 2021, the inhabited surface area (dwellings excluding second homes and vacant dwellings) increased by 55.3%, while residential emissions fell by 50.8%.

This reduction in emissions intensity is mainly due to the improved energy performance of buildings and the switch to less carbon-intensive energies, mainly for heating (from coal and fuel oil to gas, electricity and heat pumps).