datalab
Key figures on climate
France, Europe and Worldwide
2023 EDITION
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GHG emissions from agriculture

GHG emissions from agriculture in France

Note: Citepa does not produce provisional estimates for agriculture; data therefore stop at 2021.
Source: Secten format - Citepa, 2023

Agriculture differs from other sectors in the low proportion of emissions due to energy combustion. The main sources of emissions are methane (CH4), mainly emitted by animals (enteric fermentation), and N2O, linked to the transformation of nitrogen products (agricultural soils: fertilizers, manure, slurry, etc.).

Between 1990 and 2021, emissions from this sector fell by 13.4%. Livestock farming, which accounts for 59.5% of the total in 2021, saw its emissions fall by 14.6%, as did agriculture (-14.9%), which accounts for 27% of emissions. The use of machinery, engines and boilers (13.5% of the total) fell by only 3.2% over the same period.

GHG emissions from LULUCF in France

Note: Citepa does not produce provisional estimates for LULUCF; data therefore stop at 2021.
Source: Secten format - Citepa, 2023

As in the EU as a whole (see p. 49), total emissions from land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF) are negative in France, mainly thanks to forest growth. Nevertheless, the scale of CO2 uptake by forests since 2015 has been revised downwards compared with estimates from previous years. The decline in the carbon sink can be explained by several phenomena affecting French forests: increased mortality (notably due to droughts), slower growth and increased harvesting.