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Key figures on climate
France, Europe and Worldwide
2023 EDITION
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Commitments of the European Union

Evolution of the 2030 climate and energy framework

As part of the Green Pact for Europe, the European Union has adopted the goal of achieving carbon neutrality by 2050, and has committed to reducing its net emissions by at least 55% by 2030 compared to 1990 levels. To achieve this, the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union have adopted more ambitious sectoral targets than those previously defined in the revised 2018 Climate and Energy Action Framework:

  • reduction of at least 55% in net GHG emissions compared with 1990 (instead of the current 40%);
  • target of 42.5% renewable energies (with an additional indicative target of 2.5% to reach 45%) in gross final energy consumption (currently 32%);
  • reduction of at least 38% in final energy consumption and 40.6% in primary energy consumption compared with the Baseline 2007 reference scenario (see glossary) - (currently 32.5% in primary and final energy).

Effort sharing and revision of the 2030 framework

The two instruments mobilized to reduce the EU's GHG emissions are the European Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) and the Effort Sharing Regulation, which defines national reduction targets for sectors outside the EU ETS. The 2030 target of at least 40% reduction in GHG emissions compared with 1990 was translated into a target of -43% compared with 2005 for the EU ETS, and -30% compared with 2005 for other sectors.

With the adoption of the new European emissions reduction target of -55% net by 2030 compared with 1990, new targets have been adopted for these two instruments as part of the "Fit for 55" package: the targeted reductions are respectively -62% for sectors covered by the EU ETS and -40% for other sectors.

Share of renewable energies in member states' gross final energy consumption

Note: the calculation method for this indicator (defined in directive (EU) 2018/2001) includes bonuses for non-food biofuels and electricity in transport, as well as statistical transfers between member states (purchase of renewable energy).
Source : Eurostat, 2023

GHG emissions from stationary installations covered by the EU ets by type of activity (2015-2022)

Note: "Other" includes the production of glass, lime, paper, ceramics and non-ferrous metals.
Source: EEA, 2023

Trends in GHG emissions in the EU-27 and trajectory of 2020 and 2030 targets

Note: the blue arrow corresponds to the evolution of GHG emissions compared to 1990 (excluding LULUCF and international aviation), the green arrows correspond to the 2020 and 2030 targets and the red arrow corresponds to the new target set by the"Fit for 55" package.
Source: EEA and European Commission, 2023

Evolution of primary energy consumption in the EU-27 and trajectory of 2020 and 2030 targets

Note: the blue arrow shows the evolution of current energy consumption compared with the 2007 reference scenario, the green arrows show the 2020 and 2030 targets compared with the 2007 reference scenario, and the red arrow shows the new target set by the"Fit for 55" package.
Source: EEA and European Commission, 2023