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Key figures on climate
France, Europe and Worldwide
2023 EDITION
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French overview of greenhouse gases

GHG emissions in France in 2022 (provisional estimate)

In Mt CO2 eq

Source

Years

CO2

CH4

N2O

Fluorinated gases

Total

Energy industry

1990

70.4

7.5

0.4

0.5

78.9

2022

43.2

0.9

0.2

0.2

44.6

Manufacturing and construction

1990

107.0

0.4

21.5

10.5

139.4

2022

69.2

0.3

0.8

2.7

73.0

Transport

1990

121.7

1.1

0.9

0.0

123.7

2022

127.2

0.2

1.2

1.9

130.5

Residential and services building use and activities

1990

85.6

6.8

0.8

0.1

93.3

2022

54.8

4.0

0.6

4.6

64.0

Agriculture/forestry

1990

11.7

49.7

26.9

0.0

88.3

2022

11.4

42.6

22.5

0.1

76.5

Centralized waste processing

1990

1.9

13.3

0.5

0.0

15.8

2022

1.5

13.2

0.5

0.0

15.2

Total excluding LULUCF

1990

398.3

78.8

51.1

11.1

539.3

2022

307.3

61.2

25.8

9.5

403.8

LULUCF

1990

- 20.5

1.1

2.3

0.0

- 17.1

2022

- 19.1

1.1

1.1

0.0

- 16.9

Transport - not included in total

1990

16.8

0.0

0.1

0.0

16.9

2022

15.2

0.0

0.1

0.0

15.3

Natural emissions - not included in total

1990

0.0

3.2

0.0

0.0

3.3

2022

0.0

3.8

0.0

0.0

3.9

Total

1990

377.8

79.9

53.4

11.1

522.2

2022

288.1

62.3

26.9

9.5

386.9

Note: the data used in this section are presented in the Secten format, which offers a detailed sectoral breakdown and enables national objectives to be monitored, in particular in the national low-carbon strategy (SNBC). It also provides more recent estimated data than official reporting formats such as the UNFCCC. For more details on inventory formats, see appendices. The 2022 data from Citepa is therefore a preliminary estimate. For some sectors, such as agriculture, waste or LULUCF, the previous year's value is used.
Transport - not included in total: emissions from sea, river and international air transport.
Natural emissions - not included in total: natural emissions of non-anthropogenic origin (volcanism, lightning, etc.), non-exhaustive estimate.
Scope: unless otherwise stated, in this section, emissions in "France" correspond to the Kyoto Protocol perimeter: metropolitan France and overseas territories included in the EU (Guadeloupe, French Guiana, Reunion, Martinique, Mayotte and Saint-Martin).
Source: Secten format - Citepa, 2023

In 2022, GHG emissions in France, excluding LULUCF, represented 403.8 Mt CO2 eq, of which 76.1% were CO2 and 15.2% methane (CH4). They were 2.7% lower than in 2021, and 25.1% lower than in 1990.

Transport was the leading emitting sector in 2022, with 130.5 Mt CO2 eq (32.3% of emissions excluding LULUCF), followed by agriculture (19%), manufacturing and construction (18.1%), the energy industry (11%) and centralized waste treatment (3.8%).

France stands out from the rest of the EU for its low share of emissions from the energy industry, due to the high proportion of nuclear power in electricity production.

Sectoral breakdown of GHG emissions in France in 2022 (provisional estimate)

Note: 2022 data are a preliminary estimate.
Source: Secten format - Citepa, 2023

GHG emissions in France by sector between 1990 and 2022

Note: 2022 data are a preliminary estimate.
Source: Secten format - Citepa, 2023

By 2022, total emissions, excluding LULUCF, have fallen by 2.7%. The drop is particularly marked in the residential and services sectors (-14.7%), and also concerns manufacturing and construction (-6. 4%). Emissions from transport rose by 2.3%, while those from the energy industry increased by 4.9%.

Over the longer term, the drop in emissions is most marked in manufacturing and construction (-47.7% on 1990), the energy industry (-43.5%) and the residential and services sectors (-31.3%). Conversely, transport-related emissions rose by 5.5% over the same period.